THINKING

A. DEFINITION OF THINKING:

  • Stimulation of brain for anything is called Thinking.
  • To use the mind in active way to form new connected ideas.
  • MODES/ FORMS OF THINKING:

Deliberate thinking takes three basic forms:

  1. Analyzing: A Greek word “analus = resolution into simple parts”. Means tracing of things to their sources and the discovery of general principles underlying specific phenomenon.
    1. Synthesizing: A Greek word “sunthesis = result of building up separate elements”. Or putting together of parts so as to make up a complex whole. All synthesis process are creative.
    1. Valuing/ Evaluation: A French word “evaluar” means thinking about something in relation in values & standards. The perception & response of values is associated with a wide range of emotions and feelings which vary from individual to individual.
  2. TYPES OF THINKING:

J.P GUIL FORD suggested the types into following:

  1. Converging thinking: In this type, we select a single correct solution out of several alternatives.
  2. Diverging (Creativity) thinking: in this type, we generate as many different solutions as possible.
  3. LEVELS OF THINKING:

According to the Sigmund Freud, the mental activity of an individual categorized into three levels as:

  1. Conscious Level:   Conscious mind is concerned with immediate present awareness. It is involved in deliberate thinking, problem solving and decision making
    1. Foreconcious level: Foreconcious level mind is the store house of the memory. It is possible to recall data facts and experience which can readily become conscious.
    1. Unconscious level: Below the level recall lies a store house experience through the desires & feelings which once conscious, but are completely forgotten now.
  2. CREATIVE THINKING:
  3. It is a way of creating new ideas.
  4. It leads to the nature in flexibility of choice & it gains in quality of decision.
  5. There are four aspects of creativity:
  6. Ideas or product created
  7. Process of creating
  8. Person of creator
  9. Environment of creative thinking
  10. STEPS OF CREATIVE THINKING:

There are five steps of creative thinking:

  1. Stimulus:    Creative thinking does not occur in vacuum. It needs some stimulus to work on.
    1. Exploration: As diverge thinking, increasing quality of idea and allow adequate time.
    1. Planning:   As defining information gathering information & making thinking visible.
    1. Activity:   It is doing some thing with one’s ideas that counts in life.

Review:           Some times it should be set a side for evaluator or review.

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