Pediatrics Best Choice Questions (BCQs)/ MCQs

1. What is the meaning of morbidity?
a) Health
b) Treatment
c) Care
d) Illness.
2. _____________is the number of deaths during the first year of life per 1000 live births?
a) Neonatal morbidity rate
b) Birth rate
c) Illness rate
d) Infant mortality rate.
3. What are the Factors affecting on infant mortality rate except?
a) Birth weight
b) Low level of maternal education
c) Full term birth.
d) Male gender
4. The MOST common cause of under-5 mortality in developing world is
a) Neonatal disease.
b) Diarrhea
c) Malaria
d) Measles
5. After the first year of life, the MOST common cause of death in children is mainly
a) Drowning
b) Burn
c) Accident.
d) War
6. The MOST successful injury prevention strategy is
a) Car seats
b) Water safety
c) Poison prevention.
d) Fall prevention
7. Regarding the physical growth of preschool children (3-5 yr); all the following are true EXCEPT
a) 4-5 kg weight increment/yr.
b) 6-7 cm height increment/yr
c) Brain myelinization stops by 8 yr
d) First deciduous tooth falls by 6 yr
8. Regarding the physical growth of middle childhood (6-11 yr); all the following are true EXCEPT
a) 3-3.5 kg wt increment/yr
b) 6-7 cm height increment/yr
c) Brain myelinization stops by 8 yr.
d) First deciduous tooth falls by 6 yr
9. In fetal period, all the following are true EXCEPT
a) 10 weeks the midgut returns to abdomen
b) 24 weeks surfactant production begun
c) 26 weeks recognizable human face formed.
d) During third trimester the weight triples
10. Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke is associated with
a) Lower birthweight
b) Shorter length
c) Neonatal diabetes.
d) Learner problem
11. The age at which the infant achieve early head control with bobbing motion when pulled to sit is
a) 2 months
b) 3 months.
c) 3 months
d) 4 months
12. The age at which the infant can reach an object, grasp it and bring it to mouth and seems exited when see the food is
a) 4 months.
b) 5 months
c) 6 Month
d) 7 Month
13. By the age of 7 months the infant is able to do all the following EXCEPT
a) Transfer object from hand to hand
b) Bounces actively
c) Grasp uses radial palm
d) Cruises.
14. A 10-month-old child can do all the following EXCEPT
a) Says “mama” or “dada”
b) Points to objects
c) Speaks first real word.
d) Follows one-step command without gesture
15. The first permanent tooth to erupt is
a) Central incisor at 6 yr
b) Molar at 6 yr.
c) Premolar at 6-7 yr
d) Upper canine at 6-7 yr
16. The MOST common cause of sleeping difficulty in the first 2 months of life is
a) Gastro-esophageal reflux
b) Formula intolerance
c) Colic
d) Developmentally sleeping behavior.
17. All the following are compatible with the definition of obstructive sleep apnea EXCEPT
a) Repeated episodes of prolonged upper airway obstruction
b) ≥30% reduction in airflow
c) Apnea
d) ≥ 30% O2 desaturation.
18. following, the MOST common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children is
a) Adenotonsillar hypertrophy.
b) Allergy
c) Obesity
d) Craniofacial abnormalities
19. Persons with Down syndrome are at particularly high risk for obstructive sleep apnea with up to 70% prevalence. All the following are considered as risk factors EXCEPT
a) Peculiar facial anatomy
b) Hypotonia
c) Developmental delay.
d) Hypothyroidism
20. All the following are parasomnia disorders EXCEPT
a) Narcolepsy.
b) Sleepwalking
c) Confusional arousal
d) Nightmare
21. The neurodevelopmental function (cognition) is dependent mainly on the development of the following functions EXCEPT
a) Visual–spatial
b) Sensory & Motor
c) Cerebellar.
d) Language
22. The major chemical modulator of attention is
a) Troponin
b) Serotonin
c) Dopamine.
d) Epinephrine
23. All the following are risk factors for specific learning disorders (SLD) EXCEPT
a) Extreme prematurity
b) Low birth weight
c) History of admission to neonatal care unit.
d) History of sibs or parents with SLD
24. All the following are red flags in the history of children with specific learning disorders (SLD) EXCEPT
a) Inconsistency in marks report from grade to grade.
b) Struggling with homework activities
c) Struggling with homework activities
d) Positive standard screening test
25. All the following are established modalities of treatment in a child with specific learning disorders (SLD) EXCEPT
a) remediation of skills
b) demystification
c) bypass strategies
d) Dietary interventions.
26. The MOST common specific learning disorder (SLD) of childhood is
a) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
b) Reading disorder (dyslexia).
c) spelling disorder
d) arithmetical skills disorders
27. You are assessing an eight-year-old male child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Following, the LEAST useful test/investigation is
a) thyroid function test
b) EEG
c) Blood film.
d) Polysomnography
28. Following of the MOST common presenting behavior in girls with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is
a) Inattentive.
b) Hyperactive
c) Impulsive
d) Disruptive
29. Which of the following is TRUE statement of reading disorder?
a) 25% of affected children have affected parents
b) Diagnosis is usually clinical.
c) IQ will remain same with time
d) boys are more affected than girls
30. The MOST reported type of child abuse in Pakistan is
a) Neglect
b) Sexual abuse.
c) Physical abuse
d) psychological maltreatment