MOTIVATION

DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION:

  1. The word motivation (Latin; Motives=move), motivation is an inner impulse that induces a person to act in a certain way
    1. Motivation is a process which starts with a need that activates behavior or a drive that is aimed at an incentive.
      1. Need: Needs are created when physiological or psychological imbalance occurs.
      1. Drive: That setups to diminish or relieve needs
      1. Incentives: Anything that will alleviate a need or reduces the drive.
  2. MOTIVATOR:

A person who stimulate the people for inner impulses, which induce a person to act in a certain way

  • TYPES OF MOTIVATION:
  • Extrinsic Motives: Motive that is experienced from external like: to get position, or good marks.
  • Intrinsic Motives: Motive that is fulfills through the inner needs of the person like, satisfaction, this is the best form of the motive.
  • LEVELS OD MOTIVATION:
  • level 1: to obtain the necessities for life such as: food, shelter, rest, safety and clothing.
  • level 2: To safety, social needs such as: love, friendship, & respect.
  • Level 3: To develop a nurse for personal satisfaction such as Talents and abilities.
  • FACTORS OF MOTIVATION:
    • Nature of the work
    • Responsibility
    • Achievement
    • Recognisation factor
    • Self improvement
    • Advancement
  • DEMITIVATING FACTORS:
  • Inadequate salary
  • Bad working condition
  • In-effective administration
  • In-competent supervision
  • Poor inter-personal relationship
  • Personal qualities of leader
  • THEORIES OF THE MOTIVATION:

There are three theories, proposed during the 1950, they are:

  1. MASLOW NEEDS:
    1. Physiological needs as Hunger, Water, Air, Shelter
    1. Safety needs         as Safety
    1. Social needs          as love & affection
    1. Self esteem           as High status in society
    1. Self actualization  as Self respect
    1. X & Y THEORY:

Dougles Macgregor proposed two destruct of the nature of the human being such as: basically negative view as “X” & positive view as “Y” theory.

  • MOTIVATION HYGIENIC THEORY:

Freed Rick Herzberg states that an individual relation to his/her work is a basic one and that his/her attitude to work cab be every well determined success or failure.

According to this theory the factors are leading to job satisfaction are separated and distinct that leads inter-personal relation working condition & salary have been characterized by Herzberg as Hygienic factor.

  • MOTIVES:

A person is stimulus promoting a person to act in a particular way. Every action has a motive behind it. Motivation is consist of =Motive + Action

  1. EXAMPLES OF MOTIVES:
  2. Wish or Desire
  3. An idea
  4. A need e.g.,; Hunger, Sex
  5. Some interest
  6. An emotion
  7. A reward
  8. A goal

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