A culture is a sum of total learned behaviour, traits, values, belief, language, laws and technology, characteristics of the member of a particular society.Culture is the cultivated behaviour i.e. the totality of mans learned experience, socially transmitted to one generation to another.Culture is a behaviour acquired through social learning.
B) ELEMENTS OF CULTURE:
The followings are the elements of culture:
- Cultural trait.
- Cultural complex.
- Cultural pattern.
- Cultural theme.
- Cultural configuration.
- Cultural ethos.
1) CULTURAL TRAIT:
It is the simplest unit of the culture and it may be material or non material. Some examples of material culture traits are:
- A Nail.
- A Handkerchief.
- A Safety pin.
Some examples of non-material culture traits are:
- Making bed.
- Eating with right hand.
- Milking a cow.
- Driving to the left.
- Knowledge of an important drug.
2) CULTURAL COMPLEX:
When two or more cultural traits are organized together is called cultural complex E.g.
- A watch.
- A political party as a Muslim league.
3) CULTURAL PATTERN:
When two or more cultural complexes are combined, they form a cultural pattern .E.g. some kind of behaviour is accepted from a person of particular age, category, sex etc…
4) CULTURAL THEME:
The combinations of two or more cultural pattern result in a cultural theme E.g. all human being are equal.
5) CULTURAL CONFIGURATION:
When two or more cultural themes are integrated, the product is known as cultural configuration E.g. Marriage system.
6) CULTURAL ETHOS:
Cultural ethos is the central point of culture. E.g. Pakistan culture is religious.
C) TYPE OF CULTURE:
- Super organic.
It is the type of culture related to physical objects E.g. Tools, machinery, books etc.
It is type of culture related to those things which are can not observe E.g. tradition, customs, writing, language etc.
It is presented as a pattern to the people and it is seen or written in books and speeches.
It is presented by the people in their social life. E.g. cheating and stealing are commonly seen in our society.
It is based on non industrial social life. E.g., culture in our rural areas.
In this type education, technology, and industry are in their progressive stage E.g. Western culture.
It includes the study of biological science E.g. Zoology, Botany.
8 ) INORGANIC:
It includes the study of physical science E.g. Physics, Chemistry etc.
9) SUPER ORGANIC:
It includes the study of social sciences E.g. Sociology.
It is a culture of a group of people in society and such people have one or more cultural traits common in their pattern of life. E.g. Sindhi. Punjabi, Blochi, are sub-culture in Pakistan.
It is a common conception shared by the member of an organization.Characteristics in the Organization: