Emphysema

Definition:

Empysema is pus within a body cavity most often the pleural cavity.

Etiology:

  1. Pleural effusion
  2. Pneumonia
  3. Lung abscess
  4. Tuberculosis
  5. Fungal infection
  6. After thorax surgery
  7. Chest trauma

Clinical features:

  1. Cough
  2. Dysponea
  3. Tachyponea
  4. Tachycardia
  5. Fever
  6. Unilateral chest expansion
  7. Malaise
  8. Decrease appetite

Investigation:

  1. X-ray chest
  2. Thoracenthesis

Medical Management:

  1. Antibiotics Surgical Management:
  2. Thoracenthesis

Nursing Management:

  1. Oxygen inhalation
  2. Bed rest
  3. Deep breathing exercise
  4. Provide ventilated room
  5. Encouraging the patient for co-operation.

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